It's touching down on Mars that aerospace engineers consider to be one of the greatest challenges in the solar system; in fact, about a third of missions successfully launched to the red planet don't survive a landing. The hope is that its protective covering will keep it safe from heat friction and sandstorms as the InSight comes to screeching halt while landing. Having launched on May 5, 2018 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California as it enters the atmosphere of Mars, InSight will be traveling at 14,100 miles per hour.
As the probe enters the atmosphere, the air molecules that make up the Martian atmosphere strike the heat shield, causing the shield to heat up and the craft to slow down. In less time than it takes to hard-boil an egg, InSight will have to slowed from 12,300 miles per hour to 5 miles per hour before it gently lands on the surface of Mars.
The landing will be streamed live on NASA's official YouTube presence.
How will NASA know when InSight lands safely?
The InSight lander aimed for a touchdown Monday afternoon, as anxiety built among those involved in the $1 billion global effort.
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After landing, InSight will send a tone beacon indicating its status. The findings on Mars could help explain the type of conditions at these so-called exoplanets "and how they fit into the story that we're trying to figure out for how planets form", he said. NASA satellites around Mars will provide updates.
InSight will be landing at Elysium Planitia, called "the biggest parking lot on Mars" by astronomers.
The space agency's older, smaller Opportunity was roaming around up there until June, when a global dust storm knocked it out of service.
On the surface, Mars is covered in red dust that is rich in iron oxide; this coating earned it the nickname "Red Planet".
The Lander had originally been scheduled to blast off in March 2016, but NASA suspended its launch preparations when a vacuum leak was found in the craft's prime science instrument.
Once all this work is complete, InSight can finally get down to business, using the 50 to 100 marsquakes it might see over its 2-year primary mission to reveal the dimensions and composition of the martian interior-and, in turn, the story of its creation.
France's Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) made the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) instrument, the key element for sensing quakes.
The self-hammering mole will burrow 16 feet (5 meters) down to measure the planet's internal heat, while the ultra-high-tech seismometer listens for possible marsquakes.
It is NASA's eighth successful Mars landing since the 1976 Vikings.
NASA's last Martian landfall took place with the Curiosity roverin 2012, so interest in the mission was heating up, with viewing parties planned at museums, planetariums and libraries across the US.
Melania Trump unveils White House Christmas decorations
Another four trees are in the White House library. "For the 51st year, the White House Crèche will also be on display". In the China Room there are three tables recreated from previous state dinners during the Theodore Roosevelt, John F.
The Chicago area was slammed with up to 30 centimetres of wet snow, and whiteout conditions stalled commuter traffic on the roads. The region could see whiteouts and slick roads throughout Sunday, making travel hard if not impossible at times, Brink said.
On Saturday, Boca said they were in no position to play the game due to the injured parties needing medical treatment at hospital. The first leg between the two sides was delayed 24 hours itself because of a waterlogged pitch at Boca's stadium.
The Aztecs answered with a 19-3 run to pull within three by halftime and had an early 16-2 run in the second half to go up 58-49. Top-ranked Duke will put its undefeated Maui Invitational record on the line when it faces No. 8 Auburn in the semifinals.
The judge in the case found probable cause to charge Foster with domestic violence (battery), and held him on $2,000 bond. Foster was suspended the first two games of this season for violating the NFL's conduct and substance-abuse policies.
Following the win over Cincinnati , the Knights have won 23 straight games, dating back to the start of the 2017 season. Despite the struggles on the ground, UCF managed to score at least 30 points for the 23rd consecutive game.
The National Climate Assessment report finds these warming temperatures will increase risks for outdoor jobs and activities. Crucially, the report added that the mammoth damage could be changed, if the greenhouse gas emission could curb sharply.
The heated disagreement meant no statement was issued at the end of the meeting for the first time in its 25-year history. Most notably, China and the Philippines signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation on Oil and Gas Development .
Officially, Harry was always supposed to make the trip alone but palace insiders say that it was meant to be a joint visit. Speaking to the publication, a source revealed that Kate finds Meghan hard and that they're just "very different people ".
The victor of both games will play for the national title on January 7 inside of Levi Stadium in Santa Clara, Calif. The UCF Knights football team is undefeated, after beating Cincinnati in a primetime game at home Saturday, 38-13.
GM to slash up to 14,000 jobs in North America
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Judge orders Papadopoulos to report to prison
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Migrants trying to hop border fence hit with tear gas
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Sentinelese tribe kills USA national on adventure trip
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Mickelson wins match against Woods with birdie on 22nd hole
It was a fitting end for a man known for his short game after Mickelson struggled with his short game throughout regulation. Mickelson was one-up with only two holes to play when Woods kept himself alive in the contest with a sensational birdie.
Facebook, Instagram outage affects users worldwide
Facebook and Instagram were once again down on Tuesday evening as users took to rival Twitter to inform each other. The hashtags #FacebookDown and #InstagramDown quickly became trending topics on Twitter.