10 kids diagnosed with rare polio-like illness in Illinois

University Hospitals 2 patients suspected of having potentially fatal infectious disease

As an example, the Texas Department of State Health Services has confirmed 8 cases statewide, with new cases reported in Harris County and Galveston County.

"It takes about a month for them to review a case and make the determination of AFM", Anton added. In addition to the pair of cases at CHOP, three cases are also being treated in Pittsburgh, 6ABC reported. This year, there have been 38 confirmed cases in 16 states across the U.S.

Health officials will never have a firm count of cases of AFM because not all states require doctors to report them.

A frightening new illness is on the rise in the USA, and it bears a striking resemblance to Polio.

"Providers will often consult with DHEC when they suspect AFM as a complication of an infectious disease", Crosby said.

Various viruses can cause AFM, including West Nile and enteroviruses. AFM has been compared to polio because the condition can lead to paralysis. Both EV-D68 and EV-A71 are enteroviruses and are distant relatives of polio. Most of these illnesses have been in children.

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In recent weeks, six cases of the illness, known as acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), have been diagnosed in children in Minnesota - a state the typically sees less than one case of AFM per year, according to the Minnesota Department of Health.

Preventing AFM can start by protecting yourself and children from poliovirus by getting vaccinated, according to the CDC.

In summer and fall 2014, NY and other states witnessed an outbreak of EV-D68 associated with severe respiratory illness. "Among the people confirmed with AFM, CDC did not consistently detect EV-D68 in every patient", the CDC said.

Since 2014, cases have risen and fallen.

Between August 2014 and August 2018, the CDC received information on a total of 362 confirmed cases of AFM nationwide.

The new condition causes paralysis, according to a report by NBC News, and has affected mostly children so far. EV-D68 infection most commonly results in mild symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, cough, body aches and muscle aches.

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